None known Medicinal Uses Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. A maceration or decoction of the bark is taken as a vermifuge, and is also used to treat whooping cough, pneumonia, stomach-ache, fevers including malaria, and abdominal complaints associated with gall bladder and spleen problems[ ]. Sap from leaves and young twigs are applied to wounds[ ]. The oil has purgative activity and also showed Epstein-Barr virus activating potency[ , ]. Bark extracts showed weak antibacterial activity in in-vitro tests[ ].
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Distribution: Occurs in tropical East Africa, with an altitudinal range of 4, to 6, ft; used as a shade tree in coffee plantations. The Tree: May reach a height of ft; with a clear cylindrical bole 40 to 60 ft in length, free of buttresses; with trunk diameters of 2 to 4 ft. The Wood: General Characteristics: Heartwood yellowish to brownish gray, sometimes with dark brown to black streaks near the center of the log; sapwood not clearly differentiated. Texture medium; grain straight; unpleasant smell when freshly cut; dry sawdust irritating to nose and throat.
Mechanical Properties: 2-in. Drying and Shrinkage: Rather difficult to season without warping and checking. No data available on shrinkage values.
Movement in service is large. Working Properties: Reported to be easy to saw, moderately difficult to machine but planes to a smooth lustrous surface, good gluing and finishing characteristics. Dust may be irritating to mucous membranes. Durability: Vulnerable to attack by decay and stain fungi and liable to termite attack. Preservation: Reported to be readily treatable by pressure systems. Uses: General construction, heavy-duty flooring.
Additional Reading: 3 , 5 , 9 3. Bolza, E. African timbers-the properties, used, and characteristics of species. Bryce, J. The commercial timbers of Tanzania. Tanzanian For. Farmer, R. Handbook of hardwoods. Stationery Office.
Botanical information[ edit ] A fast-growing tree, croton grows up to 36 meters high and reaches maturity after five to seven years. Croton is commonly found in forests and on rural farms as a boundary tree. It is a drought-resistant tree that can survive in harsh climatic conditions and is not browsed by animals. It is a dominant upper canopy tree with a flat crown. Croton trees have dark grey or pale brown bark and the leaves are long, oval-shaped, with a green upper surface and a pale underside. A prolific seeder, Croton trees fruit twice a year approximately five months after rains in East Africa.
The generous tree
Biofuels, cosmetics, fertilisers and livestock feed are just some of the valuable commercial products produced from the nuts of the African tree Croton megalocarpus. But there may be more uses to uncover. Treasure tree and a useful weed Growing up to 36m in height, African C. But despite the trees invading the landscapes of Eastern and Central Africa, this species is a very useful weed. The trees provide shade for a variety of crops, such as coffee, and its bark is often used for traditional medicinal purposes. Bees that forage on the light-yellow flowers produce a dark-ambered and strongly flavoured honey.