CORNEL WEST PROPHETIC PRAGMATISM PDF

In doing so, they tended to portray blacks as homogenous and racism as having a ubiquitous deleterious effect. These intellectuals, according to West, did what the white male power elite did - universalize their own experiences and definitions of a positive image. They thereby too often treated black folk-culture as primitive or the black poor as lacking virtues while promoting images of the middle class as salutary. The antiracism of the Renaissance authors was directed at the nearly absolute presentation of blacks as non-humans; their goal was to establish a classification of blacks as humans.

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In doing so, they tended to portray blacks as homogenous and racism as having a ubiquitous deleterious effect. These intellectuals, according to West, did what the white male power elite did - universalize their own experiences and definitions of a positive image. They thereby too often treated black folk-culture as primitive or the black poor as lacking virtues while promoting images of the middle class as salutary.

The antiracism of the Renaissance authors was directed at the nearly absolute presentation of blacks as non-humans; their goal was to establish a classification of blacks as humans. But the converse is not true. Unique individual humans are that if and only if they are human. In support of Johnson, take the following into consideration: Blacks did not own companies producing ink or printing presses, let alone significant nationally circulated publications that could have been circulated without dependency on white-owned forms of transportation.

If middle-class images were the ones to which the black poor considered representative of dignity, and the white infrastructure of publishing companies could be used to promote such images even while those same infrastructures were promoting images of the black as inferior, Johnson does not find such a use condemnable.

There is clear evidence that West is a humanist. His views are anti-establishment in the sense that he warns us against the loss of individual freedom in the face of corporate greed. An optimistic outlook, namely, that there is hope human life will improve, is characteristic of both classical humanists and West.

And West is a strong advocate for rendering our ethical judgments to rational debate. They can use naturalist explanations of events, for example, evolutionary accounts of the development of species or material-determinists accounts of motivation, to help explain social events.

A prophetic pragmatist cannot, however, believe that human teleology is defined by the survival of the fittest, classlessness or the dialectic of consciousness resulting in absolute consciousness. In addition, a prophetic pragmatist cannot be an atheist or agnostic.

Each considered the Negro as either an inferior human being or, like Locke, a non-human animal just below true humans and just above simple beasts.

These philosophers were anthropocentric and provided a hierarchy of types of humans. Classical pragmatism, and especially the pragmatism of Alain Locke, the most noted pragmatist working on race during the Harlem Renaissance, is suspicious of all grand narratives - including liberal-Christian grand narratives that presaged a liberal future based on deeply Christian values such as salvation through a personal savior. Humanist must believe, whatever else they believe, that humans are natural beings and thereby due goods associated with their species, for example, dignity, the use of reason, sex, nourishing food, etc.

One important way that humanists differ is that some are naturalists -believing that every property of persons is continuous with or explainable by properties, terms, meanings, and facts offered by natural science and thereby subject to the regime of reasons and reasonable speculation. Religionists, for example, are not naturalist because they deny that humans are wholly reducible to or explainable by such properties.

Johnson misses this distinction. Johnson and West use a distinction between oppression as a matter of class and oppression as a matter of race.

West does not parse oppression between class and race; Johnson thinks that the solution to racial oppression is social inclusion, however, he offers no argument that social inclusion is in any way effective to abate the history of differential material opportunities between blacks and white, let alone overcoming differences between the working and upper classes.

Humanists, contrary to Johnson, are often concerned with the liberation of the human as a composite being.

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2004.07.08

Vudocage Sign in Create an account. They can use naturalist explanations of events, for example, evolutionary accounts of the development of species or material-determinists accounts of motivation, to help explain social events. Humanist must believe, whatever else they believe, that humans are natural beings and thereby due goods associated with their species, for example, dignity, the use of reason, sex, nourishing food, etc. An optimistic outlook, namely, that there is hope human life will improve, is characteristic of both classical humanists and West. Johnson misses this distinction.

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West has won numerous awards, including the American Book Award, and has received more than 20 honorary degrees. Visit the Cornel West website. Professor West may be contacted through his assistant: MaryAnn Rodriguez Requests for speaking engagements should be made here. His writings, along with his frequent lecturing and preaching, has brought him widespread attention and honors. West has continued to produce a steady stream of authored and co-authored books for academics and for a more general audience, including Breaking Bread with bell hooks, ; Race Matters ; Jews and Blacks with Michael Lerner, ; The Future of the Race with Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

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