Shailendra Biswas Calcutta, The publications of bilingual dictionaries continued in the twentieth century. It is edited by Zillur Rahman Siddiqui and others. It has been published from the Buddhist Welfare Trust, Dhaka. From the beginning of the nineteenth century Bengali Language becomes a medium of practicing education and wisdom. As a result, there appear some monolingual Bengali dictionaries. The first dictionary of this type is Bangabhasabhidhan Dictionary of Bengali Language.
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Since its inception, it has been playing a significant role in the development and modernisation of Bangla. Burdwan House of Bangla Academy, Dhaka Though is a milepost in the language movement, the struggle to give Bangla due recognition may be traced back to the second decade of the 20th century. At a meeting of the vangiya sahitya parishad in chaired by haraprasad shastri , Dr muhammad shahidullah proposed the use of Bangla for academic and literary purposes.
At the All-India Muslim Education Conference held in , chaired by ak fazlul huq , he called upon the Government of Bengal to set up a translation department. On 31 December , in his presidential address at the East Pakistan Literary Conference held in Dhaka, he proposed the establishment of a language academy. After the events of 21 February the demand for establishing a centre like Bangla Academy became stronger.
On 29 April the azad, a leading Bangla newspaper, in its editorial stressed the importance of setting up an academy for Bangla. The university of dhaka took some initiatives to set up an academy, but the attempt fell through. In the provincial elections of the united front , led by Maulana abdul hamid khan bhasani , AK Fazlul Huq and huseyn shaheed suhrawardy , defeated the muslim league. In its twenty-one point election manifesto, the United Front had proposed turning Burdwan House, the official residence of the chief minister-who had ordered the firing on 21 February into a student hostel for the time being and into a centre for research on Bangla language later.
This time they kept their election promise and on 3 December abu hossain sarkar , the new chief minister, inaugurated Bangla Academy at Burdwan House, thus recognizing the significance of Bangla as the mother tongue of the people of East Pakistan. The Academy was initially a government institution and was run by a committee. On 1 December , Dr muhammad enamul haq took over charge as the first Director of the Academy. In the Bangla Academy Act was passed, giving the academy the status of an autonomous organisation, financed by the government.
The functions and structure of the Academy have been devised on the model of the French Academy. The main function of the Academy is the promotion and development of Bangla. It is also involved in research and publication on Bangla language and literature. It has a considerable folklore collection, including puthis manuscripts of ancient and medieval periods, folk songs, folk tales , rhymes, puzzles etc.
It has published textbooks and reference books in Bangla, collected works of major Bangla writers, textbooks and reference books in Bangla, Bangla translations of books on literature, history, sciences, social sciences, etc, as well as translations of major works in Bangla into foreign languages.
It has also published a number of encyclopaedias and biographical dictionaries such as Bijnan Bishvakosh Science Encyclopedia , Charitabhidhan Biographical Dictionary , and Lekhak Abhidhan Dictionary of Writers. Among its other contributions to the development of Bangla is its guideline for Bangla spelling. One of its recommendations is the substitution of? During the Pakistan period, Bangla Academy was a semi-government organisation. In the financial year it received an annual grant of Rs two lakh from the provincial government and a regular annual grant of Rs one lakh from the central government.
In the grant was increased, but it was not sufficient to meet the requirements of the Academy. After the liberation of Bangladesh, the Central Board for Development of Bengali, run by the earlier Central Government of Pakistan, was merged with the Bangla Academy and the administrative structure of the Academy was changed.
The post of Director was upgraded to that of Director General. The allocation of the government increased to 32 lakh in After 25 years of independence the fourth five-year plan allocated Taka six crore for publication.
The Bangla Academy is the biggest publishing house of the country, and, up to July , had published books and journals. The printing press of the Academy is quite modern and equipped with computers. The Academy has more than two hundred officers and employees to conduct its business. The Academy publishes six journals: the bangla academy patrika quarterly , Uttaradhikar quarterly , the Bangla Academy Bijnan Patrika half-yearly , the Bangla Academy Journal half-yearly in English , Dhanshaliker Desh juvenile quarterly and Lekha monthly.
Apart from publications, the Bangla Academy also holds seminars and discussions on different subjects, cultural functions, etc. It arranges Bangla language courses for foreigners as well as technical training and Bangla word processing. The annual book fair held in February has become an important literary and cultural event, for which writers and publishers strive to publish new books.
Lectures are arranged during the month on various aspects of Bangla language and literature. Cultural functions are also held throughout the month, highlighting Bengali culture. The Bangla Academy Literary Award given on the occasion of ekushey february is considered a very prestigious award.
Bangala Bhashar Abhidhan