It has survived the test of time, and still continues to be one of the most critically acclaimed works of all generations. It has proved to be a classic in the standards of world literature and has been translated in over languages. It is also one of the largest ancient epics in word literature, comprising of about 24, verses, divided into seven books Kandas , consisting of sargas chapters. One of the most popular reproductions of Ramayana has been Ramcharitmanas, written by Goswami Tulsidas.
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It has survived the test of time, and still continues to be one of the most critically acclaimed works of all generations. It has proved to be a classic in the standards of world literature and has been translated in over languages.
It is also one of the largest ancient epics in word literature, comprising of about 24, verses, divided into seven books Kandas , consisting of sargas chapters. One of the most popular reproductions of Ramayana has been Ramcharitmanas, written by Goswami Tulsidas. Ramcharitmanas, is composed by the 16th century Indian bhakti poet Goswami Tulsidas. The word Ramcharitmanas means the lakes of the deeds of Rama. The entire story consists of poems in a mellifluous manner.
The entire story is a narration by Lord Shiva to Goddess Parvati. It is also regarded as one of the literary works of Hindu mythology.
Estimates have been from the oldest manuscripts found in Nepal, dated to 11th century. Tulsidas however was a very learned scholar of Sanskrit.
He chose to write his version of Ramayana, in Awadhi, so as to tell the tale of the great hero Rama, in a local language, so as to make it accessible to everyone. Awadhi, at that time, was the language used in general parlance, in major parts of central and North India. Sanskrit, was then used and understood only by the scholars and upper class. In fact, at that time, many Sanskrit scholars had lambasted Tulsidas for reproducing a work of such brilliance and sanctity, in a vernacular language.
It is then, in the 16th century when the story of the Rama spread widely in north India and celebrated with even more participation from the local crowd. Even Ramcharitmanas is divided into seven books, or Kandas. This is one of the major differences between Ramayana and Ramcharitmanas. Valmiki does not mention the existence of any line known as a Lakshmana Rekha. In chapter 45 of the book, the scene of Lakshmana, moving away from the hut, after folding his hands before Sita.
Lakshmana was reluctant to leave Sita alone, but he had to, when he saw Sita very tensed. The verses in chapter 45 and sarga 29 show that Lakshmana just moved away from Sita, with his hands folded. There was no verse depicting the presence of any kind of line. Tulsidas in Ramcharitmanas introduced the popular story of the Lakshmana Rekha, which was a perimeter drawn by Lakshmana around the hut, inside which any being or wild animal from outside would be destroyed. This story of the Lakshmana Rekha is really popular, and people still use it as a metaphor to signify situations where in a line should be crossed under no circumstances.
Thus, in Ramayana, Rama acquired all his skills primarily through practice and devotion, and in Ramcharitmanas, Rama is assumed to already possess all kinds of powers and virtues, as he is shown to be the incarnation of God Vishnu himself. However, Valmiki depicted Rama to have more than one wives. Ramcharitmanas, though has strictly portrayed Rama to be devoted to Sita only, from the beginning to the very end. In Ramayana, Hanuman is depicted to be a person belonging to the Vanaras tribe.
Vanaras were a tribe who lived in the dense forest, during the period of Ramayana, in the central location of the Indian peninsula. The dense forest area was known as the Dandaka Forests.
Some of the tribe members lived in Dandaka forests, while their stronghold was the Kishkindha. The Vanaras tribe, during that period, had spread across to many parts of the Indian subcontinent. The members of this tribe were known to possess special powers. Tulsidas in his text of the Ramayana, depicted Hanuman as a monkey, all throughout his books. Tulsidas was a great devotee of Hanuman. He is the composer of the greatest hymns devoted to Hanuman, the Hanuman Chalisa.
He wrote an entire book containing prayers to Hanuman, the Hanuman Bahuk. Valmiki has portrayed Sita to be a very strong and outspoken woman, sometimes even aggressive and as an equal to her husband, Rama.
In Ramcharitmanas, she is shown to be more of submissive, reticent and soft spoken woman. This stems from the role of women in society in the 16th century, the period during which women were given a subordinate position to the men. The women during that period did not have a say in worldly matters and were oppressed in all fields.
Valmiki had depicted Dasharatha to have wives, while Tulsidas mentioned that he had only three wives. In Ayodhya Kanda chapter 34, verse 13 means that there are three hundred and fifty women encircling Kaushalya, steadfast in their vow, that is their devotion to their husband. There are many such verses in Ayodhya Kanda that depict that there are women dedicated to Dasharatha.
Tulsidas, however, had made it clear in Ramcharitmanas that King Dasharatha had only three wives, Kaushalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi. Rama, Lakshmana, Shatrughna and Bharata were the children to these three wives of Dasharatha.
Several invocations of lord Shiva are done in the starting of various kanda. Though Tulsidas wrote Ramcharitmanas almost years after Valmiki wrote Ramayana, it has managed to create an equally resounding impact as the original Ramayana itself.
In fact, nowadays people easily tend to interchange Ramayana and Ramacharitmanas. Even the TV serials and the movies that depict to be based on Ramayana, is actually based on Ramcharitmanas. Tulsidas hence had a resonating impact of his work, as he wrote it to make Ramayana stories accessible to the local crowd, and also because he was a devotee of Lord Rama , and hence he depicted Rama as a God, being the incarnation of Vishnu, which we have all seen in the popular TV serials. Even Dasharatha is depicted in modern TV serials to have only three wives, not The most important aspect of Ramcharitmanas is that it contains the theory of karma , reincarnation, advaita vedanta ,brahmn, jeeva, maya, ishwara etc.
Ramcharitmanas is a living sum of the glorious Indian culture. Bookmark the permalink. Temple Purohit TemplePurohit.
Ikshvaku dynasty Dasharatha is king of Ayodhya and father of Rama. Once, Kaikeyi saved Dasaratha in a war and as a reward, she got the privilege from Dasaratha to fulfil two of her wishes at any time of her lifetime. She made use of the opportunity and forced Dasharatha to make their son Bharata crown prince and send Rama into exile for 14 years. Dasharatha dies heartbroken after Rama goes into exile.
Difference Between Valmiki Ramayana and Tulsidas’ Ramcharitmanas